首 页 | 热点新闻 | 评 论 | 图 片 | 社 会 | 财 经 | 国 际 | 教 育 | 校 园 | 职 场 | 健 康 | 时 尚 | 娱 乐 | 青年媒体扫描
您所在的位置: 中国青年网 >英文频道 About Xinjiang
Xinjiang: A vast cauldron of humanity

欢迎订阅手机青年报,移动用户发送qnb到10658000,每天资费不到一角钱。
http://www.youth.cn   2009-07-28 17:11:00 中国青年网

Once a upon a time, a great sea of blue water spread across the land of what is today China's Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region.

As the Earth's plates moved and squeezed into each other, three great mountain ranges, the Tianshan, the Altay and the Kunlun, soared. With the seawater receding, the onetime seabeds turned into two huge basins.

 

Xinjiang

Meanwhile, the giant mountain ranges also formed an almost full U, blocking the way in the north, south and west. In contrast, the flat Gobi desert stretches far into the east, allowing the earliest settlers in the region and the people and communities living in the east to interconnect with each other.

Over the decades, local archaeologists have unearthed a lot of relics across the region that dated back more than 5,000 years.

According to Tian Weijiang, director of History Research Institute of Xinjiang Academy of Social Sciences, stone tools and pots shared similar shapes, colors and decoration with those found in Gansu, Inner Mongolia and Ningxia.

"The similarities in economic and social life indicate that the ancient people in those areas had some cultural links with each other," Tian wrote in his book, History of Xinjiang.

Classical Chinese literature before the era of the first Chinese emperor (who had the terracotta warriors made to guard his tomb) described in detail the landscape of Xinjiang. One of the pre-Qin kings even toured the Western region around the 11th century BC.

More than 2,200 years ago, with the Han Dynasty (206 BC - AD 220) extending its rule throughout China, silk production enjoyed an unprecedented boom, thus giving a boost to the trade along the Silk Road. The Han Dynasty rulers began to establish local administrative outposts while migrants from the heartland of the Middle Kingdom started to farm in the oasis there.

During the Han Dynasty, silk reached as far as the Mediterranean Sea and Rome. A Han Dynasty envoy and his entourage even went on the journey to Byzantine in the year of AD 97. However, he didn't make it to Byzantine and was stopped at what was then Persia.

In the vast Western Regions, with open routes and stops for the trades people, local communities thrived and introduced broad bean, flaxseed, garlic, grapes as well as various types of leather to China's heartland.

At the same time, soldiers and farmers from central China brought with them advanced iron tools and shared farmong skills with local people.

It was through those migrants that Han Dynasty historians in their books noted down the lives of the people in tiny city states in the Western Region.

Since then, the empires of the Middle Kingdom continued sending their administrators to the Western Region. The history of Xinjiang was thus closely woven into the Chinese history, as proven by the vast amount of ancient documents unearthed over the years. Many were classical Chinese documents carved on to bamboo slips or written on ancient paper, but documents of other languages also shared the tales of local life and society.

Some finely woven robes and other dresses bore Chinese characters that spoke of fortune, happiness and admiration for the land called the Middle Kingdom.

As the main passageway between the East and the West, Xinjiang also experienced encounters, and sometimes conflicts, between different religions.

 
  编辑: Ivy 来源: China Daily
 
 
相关资讯  
关于我们 | 联系我们 | 广告服务 | 违法和不良信息举报               共青团中央主办 版权所有:中国青年网
Youth.cn. 请发送qnb至10658000 订阅手机青年报       信息网络传播视听节目许可证0105108号 京ICP证050705号